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Tooth extraction pain medication

Tooth extraction pain medication

What You Need to Know Before Taking any Tooth Extraction Pain Medication

Vanilla ice cream is not the only pain reliever dentists prescribe after a tooth extraction (though it’s the tastiest one). Tooth extraction can cause severe pain up until even a week after the procedure. Therefore, dentists usually prescribe a combination of two tooth extraction pain medications to alleviate the same. If you experience extreme pain in an inconvenient time, you can call for home doctors to attend to your medical emergency.

The most common combination is that of acetaminophen (APAP) and an opioid such as Percocet or Tylenol 3. However, if a dentist prescribes an opioid medication, be very sure that he/she has a good reason. If not Opioids, what kind of alternative tooth extraction pain medications can dentists prescribe?

The combination of Ibuprofen and acetaminophen (APAP) is working well for most people and is being prescribed by many dentists nowadays. Naproxen is another medication that can be used effectively against tooth extraction pain. These are over the counter drugs which do not need a prescription.

Why are Opioids bad?

tooth extraction pain medicationOpioids can be addictive. According to a study covered in JAMA, even a small dosage can lead to subsequent use within 3 months to 1 year, especially in young adults.  Young adults who are addicted to Opioids may in turn share with peers, leading to opioid abuse among teenagers.

Most tooth extraction pain is easily alleviated through Ibuprofen or Naproxen. Only if the pain is unbearable because the extracted tooth was deeply buried in a bone or was difficult to extract, should an Opioid be prescribed?

If you believe that you do not need an Opioid as a pain medication, please inform your dentist and ask for an alternative immediately.  If your dentists have prescribed an Opioid medication to your son or daughter who is a young adult, make sure that opioid medication is really required. You can specifically ask your dentist to prescribe non-opioid medications. After all, the ultimate tool for handling tooth extraction pain effectively is to be aware!

How to Care for a Tooth Extraction

How to Care for a Tooth Extraction

Following a tooth extraction, it’s important to take proper care of the extraction site to avoid contamination and infection, excellent dental care here at EmergencyDentistAdelaideDr has a lot of recommendation about choosing your best dentist. This will ensure proper and better healing of the wound. Various ways on how to care for a tooth extraction include;

Taking prescribed medications
Experiencing some pain is normal after tooth extraction. It’s important to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen which help in reducing the amount of pain experienced.
Aspirin medication for pain relief should be avoided as it can increase the chances of bleeding from the tooth extraction site.
Antibiotics may also be prescribed to prevent bacterial infections after tooth extraction.

Controlling bleeding how to care for a tooth extraction
Minimal bleeding can be experienced following a tooth extraction after which a clot naturally forms preventing bleeding. Before the formation of a blood clot, it’s important to control bleeding by use of a gauze which is firmly pressed to the tooth extraction site for a minimum of thirty minutes.

Minimizing swelling
After tooth extraction, swelling may occur. This is minimized by applying ice packs on the extraction site for not more than fifteen minutes. This is repeated until the swelling is gone.

Ensuring proper diet
It’s recommended to take soft foods which will not trigger discomfort at the extraction site. It’s also important to take plenty of fluids and water to ensure proper hydration.

Minimizing physical activity
It’s important to rest and minimize physical activity which will help reduce pressure on the extraction area and reduce chances of excessive bleeding.

Ensuring good oral hygiene
Following a tooth extraction, it’s advisable to avoid rinsing and brushing the mouth for at least a day. This will help reducing chances of removing the blood clot and cause more bleeding.
Normal and gentle rinsing, brushing and flossing should commence on the second day after tooth extraction with a precaution not to disturb the extraction site. This will help in keeping the area clean and preventing the occurrence of infections.

Avoiding the use of alcohol and smoking
Drinking alcohol following tooth extraction reduces the bioavailability of drugs such as pain and antibiotic medications slowing the healing process.
Smoking introduces harmful chemicals into the mouth and increases the chances of developing infections.

Following the above precautions on how to care for a tooth extraction will speed up the healing process. But if complications arise such as excessive pain and bleeding, it’s important to seek proper medical attention.